This article is written for anyone who wants to create a website. After reading it, you will be able to choose the ideal web hosting for your project in your budget. How to Choose Your Web Hosting?. What are the reliable web hosts? What is the difference between shared hosting, a dedicated server, or even a VPS? You will know everything!
Here are the questions that we will address together in this training:
- 1. Create a website: how does it work?
- 2. Define your needs
- A. How are you going to create your site?
- B. What is the purpose of your site?
- C. How do you assess the resources you need?
- D. What type of web hosting to choose?
- 3. Choose a web host
- A. What are the essential differentiation criteria?
- – The efficiency and availability of support
- – The scalability of web hosting
- – The resources allocated to your web hosting
- – The performance and reliability of the infrastructure
- B. How to be sure to choose a good web host?
- C. Who are the major reputable web hosts?
- D. Are there free, ad-free web hosting available?
- A. What are the essential differentiation criteria?
- 4. Share your choice in the comments
1. Create a website: how does it work?
You need 3 things to create a site:
- A domain name, such as eg. : my-site.com
- web Hosting to store your pages, articles, etc.
- A content management system like WordPress or Joomla. This will allow you to create your site easily without any technical knowledge.
The easiest way is to manage your domain with the same company that hosts your website and your email addresses. The link between your site, your emails and your domain name will be done automatically? Otherwise, you will have to manually adjust the DNS zone of your domain so that it points to your Mail and Web hosting. If you are just starting out, you might as well avoid this!
Now that you have an overview of what you need to create a site, it’s time to define your needs so that you can choose the web hosting that is right for you.
2. Define your needs
A. How are you going to create your site?
There are two possible scenarios:
- You know how to code and you want to design your site from A to Z.
- You want to create a site without any knowledge of PHP, HTML, CSS, etc.
If you are in the second case, I advise you to create your site with WordPress. It is the most widely used website builder tool in the world and it is perfectly suited for most projects:
- Blog with articles, photos, and videos
- Showcase site for a company
- Online Store
- CV online
- Photo galleries
If you have a store with a lot of items to sell online, PrestaShop might also be a solution to consider. As a photographer, Koken could also be a good alternative to WordPress if your priority is sharing photo galleries. There are hundreds of web applications that allow you to create sites, forums, quizzes, etc.
Whichever you choose, the vast majority of content management systems have one thing in common: they require web hosting that supports PHP and MySQL databases. Rest assured, you don’t have to know what it is to create your site. It just guides the type of web hosting you need.
B. What is the purpose of your site?
Here are three essential questions to ask yourself:
- What are you going to talk about on your site?
- Who is your site going to address?
- What value will you bring to your visitors?
Without knowing the purpose of your site, you risk talking about everything or nothing and not attracting many people. The risk is then to quickly become demotivated and abandon your project, which would be a shame, right?
So really take a few minutes to think about how people will find your site through search engines and what problems or needs you are going to address.
It doesn’t matter if there are already sites that do the same thing you would like to do. It’s even a good sign because it shows that there is interest in your theme! The main thing is that it makes sense to you and that your approach is as unique as you are ??
C. How do you assess the resources you need?
Like your mobile or your computer, the server that will host your site will allocate you a certain power so that your site is displayed quickly, regardless of the number of people who visit your site at the same time.
The power of web hosting is mainly expressed by these variables:
- The maximum execution time allocated to your scripts
- The amount of RAM allocated to your scripts
- The type of disk used to store files and databases
- The raw power of the server (processor, RAM)
- The host’s network infrastructure
Contrary to what you might think, it is not necessary to have an ultra-powerful web hosting to manage a million visitors per day if your site is well developed and optimized? Two important variables determine how much power you need:
- Your site traffic (the number of people connecting simultaneously)
- The number of requests for the most visited pages and their complexity
If you are just starting out and all this sounds like Chinese to you, I recommend that you choose basic shared web hosting by checking that the host you choose allows it to evolve easily, for example to a VPS or a cloud server.
D. What type of web hosting to choose?
If this is your first website, I recommend that you choose shared hosting. This obscure term simply means that your server’s resources (processor and memory) will be shared with hundreds of websites, including yours. Depending on the sites and hosts, this type of web hosting is more than enough and you will never need to upgrade it to a more powerful solution.
If you already have a website on shared web hosting and your host regularly invites you to optimize your site on pain of suspending it, it’s time to migrate to more powerful web hosting with resources entirely dedicated to your site. Two solutions are available to you:
- Virtual private server (VPS)
- The cloud server
The big difference between these two solutions is that the VPS is a server whose resources are allocated entirely to a limited number of websites in a virtual way while the cloud server draws its resources in a decentralized way, in the cloud. In other words, the resources of a VPS are limited to a physical server while those of a cloud server can increase without any limit according to the evolution of your needs! To choose, you, therefore, have a better time to opt for a cloud server, especially since this solution is more economical than a VPS or a dedicated server.
Depending on the success and optimization of your site, there may be times when you need even more powerful web hosting than a VPS or a cloud server. In this case, two solutions are available to you:
- The ultra-vitamin dedicated server
- Very high availability hosting
A supercharged dedicated server will allow you to obtain even slightly better performance than a cloud server, but will not be able to work miracles if you have to guarantee the availability of your site at all times, no matter what and regardless of the number of visitors who come to your site. In this case, you will have to opt for very high availability web hosting or a PaaS type solution (platform as a service) that allows you to create an environment with load balancers and several cloud servers synchronized and located in data centers. distinct. This type of web hosting normally involves a personalized SLA according to your needs which guarantees the total availability of your infrastructure subject to clearly specified conditions.
3. Choose a web host
Now that you know what kind of web hosting you need, it’s time to choose a web host. As the latter will take care of the infrastructure of your hosting and the management of your domain name, it is important to choose a reliable and serious company in the long term.
A. What are the essential differentiation criteria?
There are so many different hosts and prices that choosing your host can become a real headache, especially since it is easy to doubt the objectivity of the tests and the benchmarks of the well-established host in the field. . This is why I will do my best to give you the most important indicators so that you can make your own choice without having to blindly follow the recommendations of players who are often paid to position one host rather than another.
Contrary to what you might think, the following criteria are not decisive, as almost all web hosts either include them in their offer or will offer them in the short term:
- Free SSL Certificates
- Anti-DDoS Protection
- Size of available disk space
- SSD technology for files and databases
- Daily backup of files and databases
- Support for technologies such as Node.js, Ruby, Litespeed, or MariaDB
However, the following four criteria do not change over time and are decisive:
– The Performance and availability of support
Sooner or later you will need to contact your host: to activate a technology required by a web application, for a technical question, or to understand why your site is slow or no longer working. Whatever the reason, it is essential to be able to easily contact your host and to receive useful and efficient help.
In my opinion, the reputation of a host’s support is the most important point in making your choice! This is why the large established hosts like OVH, GoDaddy, or 1 & 1 are not necessarily the best choices, because their support is often overwhelmed in front of the mass of customers to manage.
– The scalability of web hosting
Technology and development languages evolve more and more quickly, and it is essential to engage with a web host that is invested in the research and development of its products. So watch the blog and the publications of the hosts on social networks to check that things are moving regularly.
For this criterion, the important players will tend to benefit from more resources than the small hosts for research and innovation, but they will also be hampered by the size of their server park to be maintained and updated.
– The resources allocated to your web hosting
For shared hosting, the amount of RAM ( memory_limit ) and execution time ( max_execution_time ) allocated to your scripts reveal the power you will have at your disposal. Unfortunately, this information is rarely highlighted and you will often have to go to the knowledge base or support of the host to obtain it.
As a guideline, the following values are excellent:
- 300 seconds (run time)
- 1280 MB RAM (memory)
This comparison can help you compare these two variables.
– The performance and reliability of the infrastructure
No host is immune to serious failures in their infrastructure, regardless of their experience or size. It is also extremely difficult to assess this criterion because the hosts do not necessarily highlight the list of their breakdowns over time. On the other hand, a web host that suffers outages that affect a large number of repeat customers will not be able to contain the negative impact on communities like Twitter, Reddit, Quora for long, where it is very difficult to censor the returns of real exasperated customers.
B. How to be sure to choose a good web host?
Try to rely on objective information as much as possible:
- Resources allocated to web hosting (memory and execution time)
- The host’s blog (is this happening?)
- The host’s Twitter account (breakdowns, frustrated customers, responsiveness, etc.)
- Support (try to contact him several times and judge for yourself)
- Facebook reviews (they can’t be censored)
- Google reviews (they can’t be censored)
C. Who are the major reputable web hosts?
Here are some hosts who enjoy an excellent reputation:
- Siteground (low cost with responsive support)
The following hosts often offer more competitive rates, but handle hundreds of thousands of customers. In case of questions or problems with your site, you will need to be patient:
- 1 & 1
D. Are there free, ad-free web hosting available?
Yes, but is that a bad idea?
Hosting a site involves expensive infrastructure as well as strong technical skills. By opting for a 100% free web hosting solution, you, therefore, have no guarantee regarding the availability, performance and security of your site. Plus, a free web host can shut down overnight or lose all of your data without a backup.
However, there are two exceptions to this rule:
- Bluehost offers students the possibility of benefiting from free web hosting for the duration of their studies. This is their flagship Web + Mail hosting, so you have a professional solution for your site.
- Hostmonster World Lite web hosting allows you to start on the Internet with a real domain name and everything you need to create a site (PHP, databases, etc.). Less comprehensive and powerful than that of Blurhost this offer still has the advantage of being open to everyone.
If you know of any other offers of this type, don’t hesitate to talk about them in the comments?
Tell me in the comments:
- Which host you have chosen (Infomaniak, OVH, etc.).
- For what type of web hosting you chose (Shared, VPS, etc.).
- How you made this decision.
- If you are satisfied with your choice.
I really hope this article has helped you. Feel free to share it if you think it can help other people choose their web hosting?